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头皮疼,备考托福+GRE,少交智商税!,exciting

我在上托福课的时分发现这样一种现象——许多学生都有“GRE延迟我的追美神器症”——由于忧虑根底太差害怕GRE 考试,拖到接近请求才开端着手,而由于进入考试规划太迟,最终只能在“没时刻了”的惊骇中草草了事,得到一个比较怅惘的分数。我就觉得很怅惘假如这些同学能在托福备考的进程中就浸透 GRE 考试所需才能,有的放矢的地组织备考,或许就会削减许多怅惘。

信任咱们都有打疫苗的阅历,阅历满血病毒前,先打个疫苗,有了对立灭活病毒的经历,与实在病毒在正面战场比武的时分就能立于不败之地。尽管 TOEFL 考试是一个 Test of English 的考试,即测验英言语语才能的考试。而 GRE 考试是一个 Test in English 的考试,即以英语为载体的考试,可是两者所调查的根底逻辑却有许多共通之处,与打疫苗和感染实在病毒的联系较为类似。相关于 TOEFL 考试,GRE 考试只不过是一个逻辑密度更高的加强版别。在托福备考中有意进行相关练习,天然就不惧 GRE 那点晋级,学习曲线也就没那么峻峭了,极大程度的下降 GRE 考试的备考苦楚,快速获取方针分数。那么托福和 GRE 考试到底有哪些才能共性,咱们来看下面的比方。

until是同学们初中就学过的一个根底词汇,但在文章逻辑中意义却并不根底。首要咱们要清晰 until 的词义,是“在某个时刻点之前一向做某个动作或坚持某种情况”这样一个意义。许多同学记住的意思是什么?是“直到”或许“直到…才”对不对?但实际上 until 的原意,是“在某时刻点…之前一向坚持某动作或情况”,比方 I didn’t receive your letter until yesterday. 便是“我在昨日之前一向坚持没有收到你信的情况”的意思。在阅览中,咱们能够简略理解为 before,即在…之前。

郭德纲在相声《我这一辈子》中用过这么一个包袱,他收到家里的来信,信上说“家里全部都好,你定心,这周下了两场雨,一场三天的,一场四天的”于谦紧接着就暗石阅览网跟上一句“这不就下了一礼拜么”。为什么这儿会是笑点?由于在人们的通识里,假如是两场雨,它们在时刻轴上应该被拆开,怎样拆?中心有必要夹着“没下雨”这个反差情况。而相声中的把一周分红三天和四天,可是拆分的时刻点前后都是“下雨”,没有反差去构成转机,与人们的通识不符,就构成笑点了。

所以在逻辑层面上,until 这个“在…之前”的意义还有一个语义成真波暗示——即时刻轴的拆分示转机,也便是在昨日这个时刻点前后,情况从没收到信转变成收邹正断腿到了信。尽管句子只描绘了昨日之前的情况,可是一个 until 咱们就能够判别出之后的情况。

总结一下,until 有两点需求留意:

1. 意思是“在某时刻点…之前一向坚持某动作或情况”

2. 在时刻点前后情况转机

咱们在了解了这一点之后来看戴安娜陶乐西两道别离来自托福和 GRE 的标题:

【Paragraph 1】It was not untilgapminder the Cambrian仙女露莎 period, beginning about 600 million years ago, that a great proliferation of macroscopic species occurred on Earth and produced a fossil record that allows us to track the ri赵伊虹se an头皮疼,备考托福+GRE,少交智商税!,excitingd fall of biodiversity. Since the Cambrian period, biodiversity has generally imkoreanrisen, but there have been some notable exceptions. Biodiversity collapsed dramatically during at least five periods because of mass extinctions around the globe. The five major mass extinctions receive most of the attention, but they are only one end of a spectrum of extinction events. Collectively, more species went extinct during smaller events that were less dramatic but more frequen拉登说过两种人不会杀t. The best known of the five major extinction events, the one that saw the demise of the dinosaurs, is the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction.(TPO33 Extinction Episodes of the Past)

2. Paragraph 1 supports which of the following statements about life on Earth before the Cambrian period?

A. Biodiversity levels were steady, as indicated by the fossil record.

B. Levels of biodiversity could not be tracked.

C. The most 头皮疼,备考托福+GRE,少交智商税!,excitingdramatic extinction episode occurred.

D. Few microscopic10 species existed.

咱们看到这道标题的题干问到榜首段支撑了以下哪个有关在寒武纪之前的地球生命的描绘,对应到文段的榜首句 It was not until the Cambrian period, beginning about 600 million years ago, that a great proliferation of macroscopic species occurred on Earth and produced a fossil record that allows us to track the rise and fall of biodiversity. 依据咱们刚刚所讲,until 在某时刻点…之前一向坚持某动李查儿作或情况,这句话即“在寒武纪开端之前,macroscopic species 在地球老公我要上都是没有鼓起而且发生不了能够让咱们 track biodiversity 兴衰的化石记载的情况。因而能够轻松挑选出 B 选项。

孙雨幽

A divide between aesthetic and technical considerations has played a crucial r五查三问ole in mapmaking and c小明滚粗去artographic scholarship. Since nineteenth century cartographers, for instance, understood themselves as technicians who did not care about visual effects, while others saw themselves as landscape painters. That dichotomy structured the discipline of the history of cartography. Until the 1980s, in what Blakemore 段茵华and Harley called “the Old is Beautiful Paradigm,” scholars largely focused on maps made before 1800, marveling at their beauty and sometimes regretting the decline of the pre-tec头皮疼,备考托福+GRE,少交智商税!,excitinghnical age. Early mapmaking was considered art whi头皮疼,备考托福+GRE,少交智商税!,excitingle modern cartography was located within the realm of engineering utility. Alpers, however,头皮疼,备考托福+GRE,少交智商税!,exciting has argued that this boundary would have puzzled mapmakers in the seventeenth century, because they considered themselves to be visual engineers. (新东方GRE 佛脚备考阅览分册vol1)

2. It can be inferred from the passage that, beginning in the 1980s, historians of cartography

A. placed gben10外星传奇reater emphasis on the beauty of maps made after 1800

B. expanded their range of study to include more material created after 1800

C. grew more sensitive to the way mapmakers prior to 1800 conceived of their work

D. came to see the visual details 催眠凶恶漫画of maps as aesthetic objects rather thanpractical cartographic aids E. reduced the attention they paid to the technicalaspects of mapmaking

相同的,在 GRE 阅览中 until 的效果相同如此。本题标题问到,关于在1980s 初期的制图学研讨者能推断出什么。对应到文段加粗句,Until the 1980s, in what Blakemore and Harley called “the Old is Beautiful Paradigm,” scholars largely focused on maps made before 1800, marveling at their beauty and sometimes regretting the decline of the pre- technical age. 依据 until 的意义,即 “在 1980s 之前,研讨者首要汪念杰重视 1800 前的地图(特征是美),惊异他们美的一起怅惘这种前技能年代(美)的式微” 依据 until 的转机意义,说到 1980s 前研讨者重视 1800 年前的地图,则1980s后研讨者重视 1800 后的地图。因而挑选 B,即扩展了研讨规模,包含了更多1800 后的资料

这样的通用方法论在托福和 GRE 中还存在许多,假如在托福备考进程头皮疼,备考托福+GRE,少交智商税!,exciting中就对这些方法论提早衬托,有意识的加强就能在 GRE 的备考中大幅进步功率。关于自己温习不行系统,难以掌握考试才能要求的同学,能够叠报美研精英方案的TG小时包,帮你精准联接、系统高效备考。

顾晨杰

从事托福训练前,曾参加根底英语及托福联接课程授课作业,教授很多有留学传统校园的初高中生,了解并能快速补足国内英语常识系统与托福考试的种种差异;工科布景,GRE 语文 161,关于阅览中的逻辑辨认、预判满足灵敏,引导学生在进步言语之外优化做题流程整理文段结构,进步解题准确率和功率。

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